Electrical Engineering in India- Some Necessary Information
The purview of Electrical Engineering is quite broad. This discipline of engineering deals mainly with the learning and application of electronics, electricity and electromagnetism. It also includes various other topics such as control systems, power, telecommunications, signal processing etc. Thus it can be held that Electrical Engineering involves the use, allocation and generation of electrical power and its application in the fields of control system, communication, industrial electronics, electronic computer, and instrumentation. Electrical engineers execute research, create designs, analyze and supervise the development of electronic systems and the manufacture of electronics and electrical devices and tools. A lot of Electrical Engineers are also engaged in tasks which involve dealing with computers.
Electrical Engineering involves the study of Electro-Magnetism, Communication Systems, Control Systems, Mechatronics, Digital Logic Circuits, Electro-Optics, Computer Systems, Instrumentation, Nanotechnology, Aviation Electronics, Circuit Analysis, Power Engineering, Solid-State Electronics, and Electric Power Systems etc.
In India, the undergraduate and post-graduate courses in Electrical Engineering involve Diploma in Electrical Engineering, B.E in Electrical Engineering (EE)/ Electrical and Electronics Engineering, B.Tech in EE/ Electrical and Electronics Engineering, M.E. in EE, M.Tech in EE/ Electrical and Electronics Engineering, M.Phil in EE and Ph.D in EE.
For admission to B.E or B.Tech or Diploma in Electrical Engineering, a student is required to qualify the higher secondary (10+2) examination with his core subjects being Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. For IITs, It is mandatory to qualify the IIT JEE (Joint Entrance Examination). The course duration is 4 years. The eligibility criterion for pursuing M.E or M.Tech is qualifying B.E or B.Tech. The postgraduate course’s duration is 2 years. But for admission to some of the most esteemed government institutes, such as the IITs, the NITs or the IISc, a candidate must crack the GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering).
Job options for Electrical Engineers are not bad in India. Electrical Engineering graduates are eligible for jobs in the public as well as the private sector. By learning networking equipments, computer hardware and communication systems these graduates become eligible to be recruited as software professionals in the various IT companies all over India. They are mostly absorbed by telecommunications, computer, and consumer electronics firms. Electrical Engineers may find jobs in atomic power plants, electricity boards, thermal power plants, hydel power plants, biomedical electronics, robotics, power corporations, petroleum and natural gas plants, manufacturing plants, steel and chemical plants etc. There are plenty of of job opportunities for Electrical Engineering graduates in the fields of automobile, aircraft, paper, food, chemicals etc. It is needless to say that the payscale for the above mentioned positions are reasonably lucrative even for freshers.
Electrical Engineers are recruited by Indian Army, Navy, Airforce, the ISRO and other similar public organisations where their job responsibilities mostly involve designing and developing complex systems and devices for dispensing and receiving signals and telecommunication. Industries which are concerned with designing and manufacture of devices, electronic equipments, integrated circuits etc. employ Electrical Engineers in good numbers. Setting up and sustaining electronic equipments used mainly for purposes of health care in hospitals are also dealt with by Electronics Engineers.
Those who are interested in pursuing a career in academics can also carry out research work in this field by joining research laboratories and institutes. They can even opt for full-time or part-time lectureship in engineering colleges and universities.